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Jewish Languages

This page features 31 languages spoken and signed by Jews in diverse eras and locations around the Jewish Diaspora. Click on a language, and you will find information about its history, distinctive linguistic features, literature, and current status. For some languages, we also offer a dictionary of the language or of distinctively Jewish words used within the language. See our FAQ for a discussion of how many Jewish languages there are and other common questions. And see statistics regarding the vitality and endangerment of long-standing Jewish languages.

Lecture by Dr. Sarah Benor introducing Jewish languages

Lecture by Dr. Sarah Benor discussing Jewish language endangerment

Jewish English

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