Jewish Languages

This page features 21 languages spoken by Jews in diverse eras and locations around the Jewish Diaspora. Click on the description of a given language, and you will find information about its history, distinctive linguistic features, literature, and current status. For some languages, we also offer a dictionary of the language or of distinctively Jewish words used within the language. See our FAQ for discussion of how many Jewish languages there are and other common questions. And see statistics regarding the vitality and endangerment of long-standing Jewish languages.

Judeo-Arabic

Jewish Aramaic

Jewish English

Jewish French

Haketia

Judeo-Greek

Judeo-Georgian

Jewish Hungarian

Jewish English

Judeo-Italian

Judeo-Spanish/Judezmo/Ladino

Jewish Malayalam

Judeo-Persian

Jewish Latin American Spanish

Judeo-Portuguese

Judeo-Provençal

Judeo-Persian

 

Jewish Russian

Jewish Swedish

Judeo-Tat (Juhuri)

Yiddish Sign Language

Yiddish

Judeo-Tajik (Bukhori, Bukharian)