Jewish Languages

This page features 24 languages spoken and signed by Jews in diverse eras and locations around the Jewish Diaspora. Click on a language, and you will find information about its history, distinctive linguistic features, literature, and current status. For some languages, we also offer a dictionary of the language or of distinctively Jewish words used within the language. See our FAQ for discussion of how many Jewish languages there are and other common questions. And see statistics regarding the vitality and endangerment of long-standing Jewish languages.

Jewish English