Calque (Word-for-Word) Translations of Biblical Texts

Sacred Hebrew texts (especially the Bible and prayers) have been translated into Jewish languages around the world. Often the translations imitate the original Hebrew word order (known as calque). Here is an example, a Judeo-Persian translation of part of Genesis:

Bereshit from the EJP Tafsir of Genesis, MS Firkowicz I 4605, likely 10th or 11th century (with glosses and alternative syntax by Thamar Gindin; 1:1 missing)

Subscribe to learn about events here, and follow us on Facebook, Twitter

and YouTube:

  • Jewish Language Project on Facebook
  • Jewish Language Project on Twitter
  • Jewish Language Project on YouTube

Copyright © 2002-2020 Jewish Language Website 

To cite: Author name (if available). Page name. Jewish Language Website, Sarah Bunin Benor (ed.). Los Angeles: Jewish Language Project. Web address (**).

Last update: 2021-4-7

HUC Jewish Language Project logo.jpg