Calque (Word-for-Word) Translations of Biblical Texts

Sacred Hebrew texts (especially the Bible and prayers) have been translated into Jewish languages around the world. Often the translations imitate the original Hebrew word order (known as calque). Here is an example, a Judeo-Persian translation of part of Genesis:

Bereshit from the EJP Tafsir of Genesis, MS Firkowicz I 4605, likely 10th or 11th century (with glosses and alternative syntax by Thamar Gindin; 1:1 missing)

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Editor: Sarah Bunin Benor      Last update: 2020-10-20

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